Geography of the state: Jordan is located on Middle East… It has four border neighbors: Saudi Arabia, Syria, Palestine, Israel… Jordan covers an area of 92.3 thousand square meters. km. Its western part is washed by the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. A significant part of the area (90%) is occupied by deserts, one of which is called Arabian (50%). The large Jordan River flows in the west of the country.
The capital of the country is the city Amman, it has over 2 million people. The first settlers founded the lands of this city in the 13th century BC. The local population of Jordan officially speaks Arabic. Approximately 90% of residents identify themselves as Sunni Muslims and only 8% are Christians.
Jordan on the map
Trip to Jordan – visiting an interesting country
Brief description: Once upon a time, this state was considered a place for wars between the peoples of different states, which divided their territory. Currently, Jordan is a prosperous country, which still retains centuries-old ancient monuments of culture and history. Jordan is also famous for its excellent beach and spa resorts.
Climate of Jordan
Depending on the region, two climates prevail in the country: a subtropical Mediterranean climate dominates in the northwestern part, and a tropical desert climate prevails in the rest of the state. The average annual air temperature in Jordan rises to + 17C. The hottest month here is August (+ 33C), and the lowest air temperature is in January (+ 4C).
History of Jordan
The history of this state goes back to the ancient centuries BC. From the very beginning, this country was conquered by the Roman Empire (106). In the 7th century, it is part of the Arab Caliphate. Then there was a war between the Arab people and the crusaders (11th century). In the Middle Ages, the state was subject to raids by the Egyptians and Tatar-Mongol troops. In the 16th century, Jordan became part of the Ottoman Empire, and only in 1918. managed to get out of it. Then the country was ruled UK up to 1946. In the same year, Jordan gained its independence.
Cultural traditions of Jordan
Professing Islamism, this state has a characteristic culture. The Orthodox population celebrates such holidays as Christmas and Easter. The official holiday of the country is Labor Day, as well as the birthday of King Hussein and others.
The national cuisine of Jordan is an amalgamation of dishes from the Middle East. For cooking, the following food products are used here – eggplants, peas, beans, bread, and so on. Local restaurants offer a mixed menu of Arabic and European dishes.