Geographical location: If you look at the map of the world, then it is not difficult to see Italy in the form of a boot. It is conveniently located on the Apennine Peninsula in the southeastern part Europe… The northern region of the state has two neighbors (Switzerland and Austria), the northeastern part is next to Slovenia, and in the north-west, the neighbor is unshakable France… The state includes several islands (Sicily and Sardinia). Italy is surrounded by five seas: the Mediterranean, Tyrrhenian, Ionian, Ligurian and Adriatic. The territory occupied by the country is 301,338 sq. km along with the islands.
The capital of the state is the city Rome, the population of which is close to 3 million people. The year of the founding of this city, archaeologists find it difficult to say for sure, but historical data say that people settled on the site of real Rome a very long time ago, even BC. Italian is recognized as the official spoken language of this state. The inhabitants of the country are mostly Catholics.
Italy on the map
Holidays in Italy – Roman holidays and a lot of impressions!
Short description: Italy is famous for its monuments of ancient architecture, beautiful stone castles, museums with valuable exhibits and much more. Famous names known all over the world are associated with this country, such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael and many others. Ski resorts and azure beaches of the Italian seashore gather thousands of tourists all year round who visit this magnificent country.
The territory of Italy consists of mountains, their length stretched across almost the entire area of the country, starting from the north and ending in the south (Apennines). There are several volcanoes in the country (Etna, Vesuvius, as well as Stromboli and Vulcano). There are a lot of rivers and lakes flowing in the country, but not all of them are large enough. The most famous: Po, Adige, Brenta, Garda, Como, Ledro and so on.
Climate of Italy
Basically, the climate of the state is temperate, but the weather can fluctuate depending on the location and proximity of the area to the Alps and the sea. The warmest months in the country are July and August, when the thermometer shows + 31C. The coldest month is January, when the air temperature does not drop below + 3C.
History of Italy
The lands of Italy were settled by people about 40 thousand years ago. Even before the Roman people, various tribes lived here (Umbras, Latins, Samnites, Celts and others). The ancient Greeks were the first to establish colonies in Sicily and in the southern part of the country. After the collapse of Rome, Italy began to be conquered by the peoples of other nations, longing for these lands (Franks, Vandals, Huns and other barbarians). Like a rolling pennant, Italy many times passed from hand to hand of the conquerors of different countries. At different times she was ruled by Spain, France, Austria… And only in 1946 it became an independent state, and in 1949 it entered the NATO military bloc. The year 1957 became significant for Italy, as it joined the European Economic Union (currently the European Union).
Thanks to Italy, the planet Earth was filled with genius people who were born, raised and famous all over the world. This country is just a mine of great scientists, artists and writers (Giovanni Boccaccio – literature, Antonio Vivaldi – classical music, Raphael Santi – art, Christopher Columbus – navigator and traveler).
Each region of the country has its own culinary traditions (there are 20 regions in Italy). The same dish can be cooked in different ways. Italian spaghetti with the addition of different sauces are very famous for their sophistication. Also, all visitors know such Italian dishes as risotto, bolognese, pizza “calzone” and the like.
In terms of the number of attractions, Italy takes almost the first place in the world. Local museums are full of paintings and sculptures by great masters. Tourists not only fall in love with this country, but are also ready to come here again and again to discover new and unknown cultural values. Here are just a few of the most fascinating and famous places in Italy that every tourist must visit: the Colosseum in Rome, the Pantheon, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, the Trevi Fountain, Pompeii near Naples.
Travel! Italy and its sights are waiting for you!