Geographical location: Latvia is located in the North Europe, in Baltic… The Latvian border lies next to the following countries: Lithuania, Belarus, Russia and Estonia… From Sweden Latvia in the western part of the country is separated by the Baltic Sea. The territory of the state covers an area equal to 64,589 square meters. km. The capital of the country is a beautiful old city – Riga… Its founder is considered to be the Bishop of Livonia Albert von Buxgewden in the distant 1201. They speak Latvian in the country.
The terrain in Latvia is flat, with insignificant elevations in the eastern region of the country and lowlands. Latvia is rich in rivers, there are about 12,000 of them. The largest Latvian rivers are the Daugava and the Gauja. Also, this state is not offended by lakes, both large-scale and very small.
Latvia on the map
Holidays in Latvia – a trip to the pearl of the Baltic!
Short description: At one time, Latvia was conquered by the Germans, Poles, Swedes and Russians. But, despite the centuries-old historical data, Latvians have managed to preserve their original culture. Tourists from all over the world come to admire the very beautiful Latvian city of Riga, as well as visit fortresses built in ancient times or relax on the coastal beaches of the Baltic Sea.
Education history of Latvia
Historical data prove that Latvians settled the lands of modern Latvia many thousands of years ago. The ancestors of the Latvians were the tribes of the Curonians and the Selonians, as well as the Slavs and representatives of the Finno-Ugric tribes. German knights led by bishops in the 18th century made raids on Latvian lands, as a result of which Latvia, together with Estonia in the southern part, formed a state called Livonia. In 1560-1815. Latvia became part of Sweden. At the end of the 18th century, part of the Latvian lands passed to Russia. Latvia became an independent country only at the beginning of the 20th century (1918). In August 1940. this Baltic republic became part of the USSR, and only from September 1991. Latvia has become a free and independent country.
Climate of Latvia
The weather in Latvia belongs to a temperate humid climate. On average, the air temperature in winter drops here to -6 C, and in the summer period rises to +19 C. The hottest month in summer is July, when the temperature shows a value of +35 C.
Culture, holidays and cuisine of Latvia
Latvia boasts of its own distinctive culture and traditions. Latvians celebrate a lot of old holidays to this day. One of them is a folk holiday – Ligo (Janov day). Easter, Christmas and Shrovetide are also regular annual festivals with special significance. Delicious culinary Latvian dishes are formed as a result of the combination of Russian, German and Swedish cuisine.
Attractions of Latvia
A lot of ancient monuments and architectural buildings have survived in this country: Riga Castle, Cesis and Turaida Castles, Gutman’s Cave in Sigulda, Riga Dome Cathedral and many other equally valuable historical sights.
Latvia is the pearl of the Baltic. There is stunningly beautiful nature and magnificent beaches on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea!