Geographical position: Finland is located in Scandinavia in the northern part Europe… Her neighbor to the west Sweden, in the north – Norway, and in the east – Russia… The famous Gulf of Finland separates Finns and Estonians. The Baltic Sea washes the north and south of the country. Most of the state’s territory is occupied by forests (86%), but plains and mountains also have their place here. Finland can even boast of islands and lakes, there are more than one hundred thousand of them. Lake Saimaa is considered to be the largest and largest. Foreigners, especially those who like fishing, come to Finland for a “quiet hunt” – Finnish rivers and lakes are very rich in fish (trout, pike, salmon, etc.).
Very beautiful city Helsinki is the capital of Finland, it is home to just over half a million people. The Swedes are considered the founders of this city. There are two languages spoken by the local population (Swedish and Finnish). Finns preach Lutheranism (Protestants), belonging to the Evangelical Lutheran Church.
Finland on the map
Holidays in Finland – a trip to the homeland of Santa Claus
Short description: One can only dream of such a country for travel as Finland. It is considered to be the homeland of Santa Claus, beloved by everyone on Christmas, there are many most beautiful lakes, framed by Scandinavian forests and polar expanses. It is customary to call Finland the country of Suomi, which means “land of swamps”, as local residents say about it.
Climate and weather of Finland
Finland is located at the same latitudes as Siberia and Greenland, but the climate here is still milder and warmer. All this is due to the air currents coming from the Atlantic. The continental climate in the central regions and the maritime climate on the seashore speak of a cold winter with a lot of snowfall and warm summers. In summer, the air temperature is moderate +22 C, and in winter the thermometer does not drop on average below -9 C.
Finnish education history
The descendants of the Finns go back to the Stone Age with ancient roots. Even before our era, the ancient people on these lands knew how to make pottery. In the 12th century, the state became part of the Kingdom of Sweden. As a result of the wars between the Swedes and the Russians in the 18th century, the lands of Finland were seized by Russia, and in 1809 it became part of the Russian Empire. Only in the 20th century, after the accomplishment of the revolution in Russia, Finland became an independent republic.
Cultural traditions of Finland
Finland is considered a fabulous country, since Santa Claus himself was born in it, as well as Moomin and other legendary heroes. Children are sure that Santa lives on Korvatunturi Mountain in Lapland. A lot of reindeer can be found there. On Christmas Eve, making rice pudding is a traditional symbol of this magnificent holiday.
As a result of the resettlement of different peoples (Swedes, Germans, Russians) to this country, Finnish cuisine was naturally influenced by their culinary traditions. The products that the Finns eat are fish, mushrooms, potatoes and much more, which they eat in almost all countries of the planet. But there are, of course, traditional dishes that are distinguished by their sophistication and taste (cow cheese, blood sausage with lingonberry jam and many other dishes).
The Finnish people have always respected their ancestors and treated their ancestral roots with care. Tourists in Finland just need to see historical cultural monuments and ancient architectural structures (St. Olaf’s Castle, the Castle of the Knights in Turku, the Museum of Architecture on Seurasaari Island, and so on).