Geographical position: Bulgaria is located on the Balkan Peninsula. Its eastern part is washed by the waters of the Black Sea. The state borders lie next to Romania in the north, with Serbia and Macedonia in the west, and from Greece and Turkey on South. A significant part of the territory of Bulgaria is occupied by mountains. Pirin is one of the most beautiful mountain ranges. The country is rich in rivers, the largest of which are the Danube, Maritsa, Iskar and others. The Danube is considered the only river on which ships sail.
The capital of Bulgaria is the city Sofia, the population of which is over 1.4 million people. Bulgarian is considered the official language spoken by the local population. Approximately 76% of the inhabitants are Orthodox, 10% are Muslims and only 2% of Bulgarians are Catholics and Protestants.
Bulgaria on the map
Tour to Bulgaria is a fascinating trip!
Short description: Bulgaria is considered a very hospitable country. Millions of tourists come here every year to bask on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast or ski on the ski slopes of the Rhodope and Rila mountains.
Climate and weather of Bulgaria
The moderate continental climate in Bulgaria affects the local weather conditions and characterizes the winter season with cold, snow and moisture, which changes in summer to dry and hot weather. In general, Bulgaria is considered to be a sunny country. On the Black Sea in the water area of Bulgaria, a maritime climate prevails, the water temperature is from +19 C to +30 C.
History of Bulgaria
The lands of Bulgaria have been inhabited since ancient times. It has a very long history (1300 years). Bulgaria is the third country in the world with a large number of ancient monuments. The ancient people who inhabited the Bulgarian lands are the Thracians. In the 7th century, the first Bulgarian kingdom was formed. Later, under the pressure of the troops of the Byzantine Empire, this kingdom collapsed …
During the formation of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom, Bulgaria began to flourish and develop. At the end of the 14th century, this idyll was destroyed by the Ottoman Empire, as a result of which the country lost its independence for five centuries. After long wars from the middle of the 19th century. before the beginning of the 20th century. the Bulgarian people, with the help of the Russian army, still managed to defend their freedom. During the Second World War, the state sided with the Germans. After the end of the Second World War, the People’s Republic of Bulgaria was proclaimed, and already in 1990. it just became a Republic.
Culture of Bulgaria
The ancient Greeks and Romans had a significant impact on the culture of Bulgaria. Historical monuments that have survived here to this day from ancient times are of great importance and play an important role in the history of this country. National holidays and traditions are celebrated and honored by the Bulgarian people. For example, “Dance of Fire” is a religious ritual in Bulgaria, where people dance barefoot on smoldering coals to get rid of diseases and ailments. To infuse into the atmosphere of the Bulgarian holidays and understand their essence, every tourist must visit the Rose Festival. This is an unforgettable experience and an amazing sight.
Bulgarian cuisine is very similar to European cuisine, but, of course, with some peculiarities. Bulgarians love to eat dairy products, vegetables and fruits. Especially locals respect yoghurt very much; it is served with various additives of berries and fruits.
Sights of Bulgaria
Bulgaria is valuable for tourists, first of all, for its resorts (beach and ski), as well as, of course, Bulgarian sights: Vitosha Mountain, Boyana Church, Historical Museum in Sofia and so on.