Geographical position: Portugal is located on the Iberian Peninsula on the mainland Europe in the southwestern part of the continent. Its border lies next to Spain, in the north and east. Washed by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, Portugal also has islands, including the Azores and Madeira. In the north of Portugal there are mountains, and in the south there are plains and lowlands. There are not very many rivers in this country, the largest of them are the Tahoe and Duero. Natural lakes are absent, there are only artificial reservoirs, but the presence of several lagoons can be noted.
Lisbon is the capital of this state, where at the moment there are just over half a million people. According to archaeological data, this city existed many millennia ago BC. Portuguese is the main language spoken by the local population, but there is also a second language – Miranda, which is spoken by residents in the north-eastern part of the country. Catholics make up 91% of the population, 3.2% Protestants or Christians.
Portugal on the map
A trip to Portugal is a good vacation and an unforgettable trip!
Short description: Portugal is the owner of great discoveries. After all, it was from Portugal that the immigrants of famous seafarers and discoverers of new lands, such as India and America… Portugal has always been famous for its footballers, and not only that. There are many very interesting and ancient architectural monuments, fortresses and palaces of medieval construction in this country.
Portugal climate and weather
The Portuguese climate is more dependent on the topography and proximity to the sea. In winter, it is cold here, especially in the central regions of the country, and in summer, a dry and hot climate prevails. The Madeira Islands have a subtropical climate with an air temperature of + 24C in summer and +19 C in winter.
History of Portugal
If we talk about the history of this country, then we must start with the Celtic tribes who settled the lands of Portugal in about the 8th century BC. This territory was conquered by many peoples (Romans, Moors, etc.). The country was under the rule of only the Arab people for over 400 years. In the 12th century. Portugal became an independent country under the leadership of King Alfonso Henrique.
When the Portuguese began to travel around the world, they built a large colonial empire (Africa, South America, India etc.). But, nevertheless, in the 16th century this country was conquered Spain… Portugal defended its freedom for many years. Having survived wars and military coups inside the country, it recognized its African colonies as independent, and after a while the state entered the NATO military bloc, and then the European Union.
Since the first peoples to settle the Portuguese lands were the Celts, Portugal takes its traditions from the era of their origin. However, during the time of sailing across continents, Portuguese culture had a great influence on the culture of other countries on the mainland of Africa and on the mainland of South America. Today Portugal is famous for its fairs, festivals and folk festivals. Saint Anthony’s Day is the most ambitious and important holiday for the Portuguese people. In this country, the holidays are associated with any significant name of the Saint.
As a result of travel, the Portuguese brought exotic vegetables, fruits and plants from different countries, as a result of which the Portuguese cuisine was enriched with new recipes, food products, and also spices. By the way, it was the Portuguese who brought potatoes, tomatoes and tea to Europe. Fish and seafood are the main traditional food of the Portuguese people.