Geographical position: Lebanon is located on Middle East in Asia… It has two neighbors along the border: Syria and Israel… The shores of the state are washed by the Mediterranean Sea. The country is considered small and covers an area of 10.4 thousand square meters. km. Small in size, the area is geographically divided into four areas – a coastal valley, a mountain range, the Bekaa valley and the Antilevan mountain range. Lebanon is crossed by a long and large river – the Litani.
The capital of the state is Beirut… The population of this city is approximately 400 thousand people. According to archaeologists, the founders of the capital of Lebanon were the Phoenicians. They speak Arabic in Lebanon. Basically, residents of the country profess Islam (57%), while about 41% of the population consider themselves Christians.
Lebanon on the map
Trip to Lebanon – a tour to a small but interesting country
Brief description: Throughout its centuries-old history, this state has endured a huge number of wars … But, despite this, Lebanon managed to carry through the era of time the cultural heritage of the country’s valuable traditions and customs. The wars have not been able to destroy the exquisite nature of Lebanon, which is rich in cedar groves, majestic mountains, verdant valleys and sandy beaches.
Climatic conditions of Lebanon
The country has a temperate Mediterranean climate. The coastal areas of Lebanon are cool and rainy in winter and hot and humid in summer. Near the Mediterranean Sea, the air temperature in summer rises to + 20 … + 32C, and in mountainous areas + 6 … + 22C.
History of Lebanon
Scientists have different opinions about the origin of the first settlements on the lands of Lebanon. Some argue that people settled this country six thousand years ago BC, others believe that four thousand years ago BC. The first trading state formed here – Phoenicia…
For a long time, the country experienced the domination of the Persians, the war with Alexander the Great, the rule of the Seleucids and the rule of the Roman Empire. But the Lebanese troops also visited the kingdom of the Crusaders and the Ottoman Empire. In each era, the culture of the state absorbed all the most valuable and useful for itself, carefully preserving it until our time.
Lebanon is famous for its folk traditions and customs. It is very interesting to attend a Lebanese wedding that lasts three days. Traditionally, on the third day, the groom, along with a group of musicians and dancers, goes to the house of his bride. The newlyweds are sprinkled with rice and flower petals, thereby blessing them for a happy life.
Lebanese culinary traditions are influenced by the Arab and Mediterranean cuisine. For cooking Lebanese dishes are used – meat, vegetables, fish, herbs, milk products. A special element of Lebanese cuisine is lavash bread, which is often used instead of a fork.