Geographical position: Czech Republic is on the mainland Europe in the very central part of the continent. Located in the center of all cardinal points (east, west, north and south), its borders lie next to the following countries: Slovakia, Germany, Austria and Poland… IN Bohemia, in the western part of the Czech Republic, the squat mountains of the Krkonoše, which are part of the Sudetenland massif, are comfortably nestled. Other part of the Czech Republic Moravia represented by small hills with a slight elevation. This state is endowed with a small number of rivers, but which stretch across the territory of the country (Elbe, Vltava, Morava and Odra).
Since 1993, the Czech Republic has been one of the union republics, previously part of Czechoslovakia. Czechoslovakia existed from 1918 to 1993, eventually breaking up into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Beautiful city Prague considered the capital of the Czech Republic. Prague is home to 1.3 million people. The spoken language in the country is Czech. Only 30% of Czechs preach Catholicism and 2% are Protestants, from which it can be concluded that the rest of the population does not believe in God at all.
Czech Republic on the map
A trip to the Czech Republic is a lot of impressions!
According to statistics, the number of travelers, tourists and vacationers in the Czech Republic is increasing every year. Which is not surprising, because it is impossible not to fall in love with this country. It is possible to return to the Czech Republic even for the sake of unique architectural structures and delicious beer, which is made by Czechs. And also for the sake of exquisite natural Czech beauty.
Climatic conditions of the Czech Republic
Summer in the Czech Republic is quite hot and dry, while in winter it is cold and snowy due to the temperate continental climate. In the capital of the state, in summer, the air temperature rises to +33 C, and in the western part, the mercury thermometer drops to -17 C. You can ski here for a long time, because a large amount of snow falls in the local mountains.
The Celts were the first to populate the territory of the Czech Republic. This was around the 4th century BC. But after a while they were driven out by the Germans. The Slavic people emerged in the Czech Republic at the end of the 5th century. BC. The rule of the Přemyslid dynasty led to the development and prosperity of this country. The state practically became independent, however, the Czech Republic received its full freedom only in the 13th century. Exactly fifteen long years (1419-1434) there was a religious Hussite war in the country. After the ascension to the throne of the Habsburg dynasty, the state became part of the Roman Empire.
The First World War (1918), or rather its end, led to the formation of a single state – Czechoslovakia. Before the start of the Great Patriotic War (1939), this unified state was captured by the Germans. As a result, they divided the country into two parts – Bohemia and Moravia. The defeat of the fascists by Soviet troops ended with the formation of the socialist republic of Czechoslovakia. In the fall of 1989, the Velvet Revolution took place and the communist system was destroyed. And at the beginning of 1993, Czechoslovakia split into two independent states: the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Czechs are very careful about their traditions and pass on their customs with respect from generation to generation. There is an old holiday “Ride of Kings”, when local children, mostly boys and teenagers, ride horses decorated with ribbons of different colors. The riders themselves are dressed in folk costumes. Each boy is guarded by two guards with weapons in their hands (sabers). The Czech people believe in signs and cult rites. Here such a holiday is celebrated as Walpurgis Night, or under another name “Night of the burning of witches”. To support the old custom, Czechs set fire to brooms and throw them into the air. The Czech people also celebrate many other holidays associated with local traditions.
Eating in the Czech Republic is varied, but recently Czechs have begun to think more about healthy food. However, traditional Czech dishes are still very popular in this country. Some of them are apple strudel, dumplings with different fillings, potato soup and much more.
Attractions of the Czech Republic