Geographical location: Georgia is located in the Caucasus at the border crossing the Western Asia and Eastern Europe… The borders of the state lie next to several countries, there are several of them: Russia, Abkhazia, Armenia, Turkey and Azerbaijan… The coast of the country is washed by the waters of the Black Sea. The majestic mountains with the names of Shkhara, Dzhangitau and Kazbek form the mountain range of the Greater Caucasus Range in the northern region of the country. Beautiful and large rivers spread throughout Georgia (Kura, Tegri, Chorokhi, etc.).
Old City Tbilisi is the heart of the country and is considered the capital of the state. Historical annals speak of human settlement on the land of Georgia 5 thousand years ago. The language spoken in this country is Georgian. For the most part Georgians preach Christianity (84%), while the rest consider themselves Muslims (9%).
Georgia on the map
Trip to Georgia – tour to a mountainous country with ancient history
Short description: This unique country of ancient rites, customs and traditions is loved by many tourists. Georgia is famous for its great people and the oldest mountaineers who have lived their long life in the Caucasus, as well as for the presence of magnificent voices and ancient culture. Do not forget about the beautiful Georgian landscapes with unique natural springs and snow-capped mountain peaks, as well as delicious and hearty Georgian food.
Climate and weather conditions in Georgia
The presence of a diverse climate divides the country into two climatic zones (eastern and western). The Caucasian ridge serves as a protective shield from the icy wind brought from the north, and the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus system act as a wall from the south. In the east of the state, the climate is changeable, humid subtropical is replaced by continental. The air temperature averages + 13.3C, in the summer season (July, August) +31 C, and in January -2C.
History of Georgia
Based on historical data, wars, uprisings and revolutions constantly took place in Georgia. Its territory has always attracted different invaders over the centuries. Involved in the economy and politics, this country has always defended its rights. The ancient history of Georgia begins with the times of Colchis and the Iberian kingdom. One of the kings in the 10th century united the state of two parts (eastern and western) into a single state. Georgia experienced the heyday of the reign of David the Builder (12th century), and the invasion of the Tatar-Mongol yoke (13th century), and the troops of Timur (15th century). In the 18-19 centuries. Georgia is little by little part of Russia. Only by the end of the 19th century. the troops of the Ottoman Empire were expelled from the country. 1936 marked by the fact that Georgia became part of the USSR. The state declared its independence in 1991.
Culture of Georgia
Winemaking is the main spiritual value of Georgia. The divine drink has been produced here at a high level for many centuries. Wine in Georgia is considered a difficult drink, but the embodiment of religion, because the vine made of grapes is sung in songs and legends are made about it. Georgians are very affable and friendly people, their houses are always full of guests, they will not refuse shelter even to an unfamiliar traveler.
Local Georgian cuisine can be considered an important attraction of this country. The Georgian feast is considered an integral part of the traditional culture of Georgia. Georgians are skilled cooks, especially such dishes as shish kebab and “chicken tabaka”. Sauces made from berries, fruits and vegetables are often used in Georgian cuisine.
Sights of Georgia
There are more than 10 thousand attractions in this country, and this is only according to official data. The sights of Georgia are unique and varied.