Geographical position of the country: the state of the Netherlands is located on the mainland Europe in the northwestern part of the continent. Surrounded by the North Sea to the north and west, the Netherlands borders two countries: Belgium and Germany… The state includes the adjacent islands (Bonaire, Aruba, Curacao and others), washed by the Caribbean Sea. The territory occupied by the Netherlands is 41 thousand square meters. km. A large part of the state consists of a flat plain. The country has a large number of rivers (Rhine, Scheldt, Meuse, etc.).
The capital of the state is the city Amsterdam, which is home to about 1 million people. The history of the emergence of this city goes back to the 8th century AD. Only now Amsterdam became the capital only in the 19th century. In the Netherlands, it is customary to speak two official languages - Dutch and Frisian. The country’s religion is versatile, some recognize themselves as Catholics (24%), others as Protestants (16%), and others as Muslims (5%).
Netherlands on the map
Netherlands or Holland?
Brief description: This country is often called Holland, but Netherlands and Holland Are not the same thing. The Netherlands is the official name of the state, and Holland is just two of the western coastal provinces (North and South) of the 12 Dutch provinces.
A trip to the Netherlands – a tour to an interesting country
When visiting the Netherlands, every tourist who comes here pays attention to windmills, which are built in almost every village of this state. And also attracts travelers with its majestic view of the water channel of Amsterdam, and, of course, the cultivation of flowers such as roses and tulips, which are common all over the world.
The Dutch resort town of Zandvoorot, located on the shores of the North Sea, has been very popular with travelers since ancient times; millions of foreigners visit it all year round.
Climate and weather of the Netherlands
The prevailing temperate maritime climate gives cool summers and mild winters here. The average annual air temperature in January is +2 C, and in July +19 C.
History of the Netherlands
First centuries BC the local lands on the south side fell under the rule of Ancient Rome, which lasted almost 300 years. Then the territory of the Netherlands was captured by the tribes of the Germans and Franks. In the Middle Ages, the country flourished and the economy rose, during which time the Dutch were doing business with Africa and Asia… Then the 16th century was remembered in history by the proclamation of the country’s independence from Spain, which led to a long-term war, or rather 80 years, the enmity between the peoples of the Netherlands and the Spaniards lasted. Uprising of 1830 was the result of the separation from country province of Belgium. During the First World War, the Netherlands accepted neutrality, and during the Great Patriotic War, the state was captured by fascist troops. Currently, the state is a member of the UN, EU and NATO military bloc.
Cultural traditions of the Netherlands
This country is rich in talented people born in past centuries. Especially the brilliant painters (Vincent Van Gogh, Jacob van Ruisdael, and so on). There are also many philosophers (for example: Erasmus of Rotterdam) and architects. Carnival is held annually in the country, which takes place forty days before Lent, and many other holidays.
The local cuisine is the most ordinary and simple, it is not like French and Italian, but it has several traditional dishes, very tasty and refined. Crushed mashed potatoes with onions and carrots are considered a traditional local dish. In the Middle Ages in this state for many years they cooked and spent money on food, but in the 18-19 centuries. local residents began to save money and use products carefully.
Sights of the Netherlands