Country geography: Austria is located in the central Europe and therefore has many neighbors along the border from all sides: Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Germany… The relief of Austria divides it into five regions, which include the Eastern Alps, the Alpine and Carpathian foothills, the Middle Danube Plain, the Vienna Basin and the Czech Massif. Most of the country’s terrain is covered with forests. A river spreads wide across Austria Danube, flowing into the Black Sea, its length is 360 km. More than 500 lakes are read in Austria, all of them have beautiful names (Uttersee, Werthersee, Wolfgangsee, etc.).
The capital of the state is the ancient city Vein, which is home to 1.7 million people. The official language in Austria is considered to be German. However, here this language is very different from the spoken language in Germany. In the south, in Carinthia, there are Slovenes who speak the Slovenian language. Over 70% of Austrians consider themselves Catholics, who legally pay a 1% tax to the church. About 5% are Protestants, over 4.2% are Muslims.
Austria on the map
Travel to Austria – a tour to a small country with a rich past
Brief description: Although Austria is a very small country located in the center of Europe, it has a rich past and certainly an interesting future. The Austrian offspring of the Habsburgs made a significant contribution to the history of Europe and the whole world. Even the great King Franz Joseph, the founder of the Austrian Empire, probably did not think that in centuries this state would become an independent country and a world center for active recreation for millions of tourists in terms of skiing in Austrian ski resorts.
Climate of Austria
Since Austria is located in the Alps, the climate here is mainly Alpine. In the eastern part of the country and in the Danube river valley, a temperate continental climate prevails. Austria differs from other countries in cold winters with rainfall in the lowlands and snow in the mountains.
History of Austria
The territory of Austria was inhabited during the Bronze Age. Before the Roman period, Celts and other tribes lived on this land. After the fall of Rome, Austria was conquered by the Bavarians and Avars, and in the eighth century this territory became part of the state of Charlemagne. Since the 13th century, Austria was ruled by the Habsburg family, a little later two countries joined it (Czech Republic and Croatia). In the same period, Austria opposed the Ottoman Empire, when the Turks besieged Vienna twice, but to no avail. The end of the 17th century is known as the annexation of Hungary and Transylvania to Austria, which led to the formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. During the Napoleonic Wars, the Austrians fought heroically against the troops of Napoleon Bonaparte.
After the end of the First World War, Austria breaks up into small states, independent from each other. The first independent Austrian state was created in 1918. But it didn’t last long. During the Great Patriotic War, the Germans seized the Austrian lands and Hitler announced the merger of the two states, Germany and Austria. After the end of the Second World War, only in 1955, Austria again became an independent state.
The numerous neighbors along the border (Germans, Italians, Hungarians and Czechs) had a strong influence on the culture of Austria. The country has preserved many monuments from the time of ancient Rome. Since the 19th century, the heyday of talented artists, writers, musicians and composers begins in Austria (Franz Schubert, Johann Strauss Sr., Johann Strauss Jr., Gustav Mahler, etc.).
Austrian cuisine is very varied and sophisticated. It was formed under the influence of many peoples (Germans, Hungarians, Czechs, etc.). The daily food of the Austrians consists of a light breakfast, a hearty lunch and dinner, which is formed mainly from snacks.