Geography of the country: This state is at the very core Europewithout even having access to the watery sea. Switzerland shares borders with the following countries – France, Italy, Germany, Austria and Liechtenstein… The territorial area of the country is 30,528 square meters. km. The state is divided into three regional regions: the Alps (60%), the Swiss plateau (30%) and the Jura mountains (10%). A small number of rivers (Rhone, Limmat, Rhine, etc.) flow throughout the territory of the state. The attention of foreigners here is attracted by local lakes: Geneva, Thunskoe, Bilskoe and others. They are interesting for their nature and clean water with fishing.
City Berne is the capital of Switzerland. In terms of population, it is not very large, currently there are 135 thousand people. Bern was founded in the 12th century thanks to the Duke Berthold the Rich. Four different languages are spoken in the country, the most popular is German, then comes French, then Italian and the last Romansh language. A large percentage of the population is Catholic, but this is not the only religion, there are also Protestants and Muslims.
Switzerland on the map
Trip to Switzerland – tour in the heart of Europe
Brief description: Switzerland is often associated with branded watches, hot chocolate drinks and Swiss cheese. Millions of foreigners come here all year round, because there is something to see here. The country is famous for its historical medieval architectural buildings, amazing nature and ski resorts.
Switzerland climate and weather conditions
Switzerland is a country with a temperate continental climate, but there are regional differences. In the western part of the state, the weather conditions are influenced by the Atlantic Ocean, in the Alps the climate is naturally mountainous, from the Alps to the southern part of the Mediterranean climate. Winter is rich in snow, so ski resorts are always open in this country.
The first tribes settled these lands a long time ago, many thousands of years ago. The history of the country is connected with the name of Julius Caesar, when his soldiers defeated the Helvetian tribes inhabiting the territory of Switzerland. Later, the emperor Tiberius enslaved the tribes living in the mountainous Alps, and as a result of this, the state became part of the Roman Empire. In the Middle Ages, the country was ruled by the Franks, as a result of which it was divided into two parts. In the 13th century, the three Swiss cantons (Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden) were united. In 1648, the country became independent from Rome, and in the 18th century, after the revolution in France, Switzerland became part of it. During the first and second world wars, the country remained neutral, although German troops tried to occupy its territory. Switzerland was saved by the International Red Cross, which was located in Geneva…
Some neighboring countries (France, Germany and others) had a great influence on the traditions and customs of this state. The cultural traditions of Switzerland are expressed in music, dance, woodcarving and so on.
Swiss cuisine differs from the cuisines of other countries in its accuracy and precision. Vegetables and various herbs are most commonly used in recipes. The most traditional product on the table is Swiss cheese.