Geographical location: This state is at a crossroads, where the west Asia coincides with the eastern Europe… Several neighbors surround Azerbaijan: Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Iran… On the eastern coast, the state is washed by the waters of the Caspian Sea. The covered area of the local land is 86.6 square meters. km. The northern part of the country’s territory is occupied by the Greater Caucasus Range, the central part consists of vast lowlands, and the Talysh Mountains are located in the southeastern region. There are enough rivers in Azerbaijan, and they all flow into the Caspian Sea. The river Kura is considered to be large, and Sarysu is considered the lake.
The capital of the state is the city Baku, in which the population exceeds 2.1 million. The official language is Azerbaijani. Most of the inhabitants (95%) profess the primordial Muslim religion, the rest are either Shiite Muslims or Sunni Muslims.
Azerbaijan on the map
A trip to Azerbaijan – a trip to a country sung in verse
Brief description: In past years, the great poet of the 20th century sang Azerbaijan with special ecstasy, and when he once again left this country, he felt sadness before parting … And this is not surprising, because Azerbaijan is a country of amazing beauty with delicious cuisine, high mountains, mineral health resorts and friendly people.
Climate and weather of Azerbaijan
The climate in the country is varied. The mountainous part and the sea have a significant impact on the weather in Azerbaijan. The foothills and plains of the country are characterized by a subtropical climate. In the summer months (July-August), the air temperature in Baku is very high, the mercury thermometer rises to +38 C, and at night it becomes cooler up to + 18 C.
History of Azerbaijan
Historians date the first settlements in this state far back in the Stone Age. For many centuries this country was conquered by different peoples, it was captured by Persians, Armenians, Arabs, Turks and others. Since the 18th century, the territory of the present state was divided between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. In 1920, the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic was formed. For exactly 14 years the state was part of the TSFSR, and from 1936 to 1991. it was part of the USSR. In 1991, Azerbaijan gained its full independence.
Culture of Azerbaijan
For many centuries, the territory of the state was fragmented between its neighbors (the Russian and Ottoman empires). As a result, Azerbaijani culture is mixed, but definitely influenced by religion. The Navruz holiday takes place in a country with large-scale festivities. In addition, the celebration of other memorable dates is also celebrated cheerfully and colorfully, with respect and honor for ancient customs.
Azerbaijani cuisine is delicious and delicious. Turkish and Central Asian culinary traditions have greatly influenced the dishes of Azerbaijanis. Pilaf with rice with the addition of various fillings is considered the main traditional dish of the Azerbaijani people. Local residents attach particular importance to salads made from fresh vegetables and fruits.
Sights of Azerbaijan