Geographically, Kazakhstan has a convenient location between the Central Asia and Eastern Europe… Having five neighbors in the border zone (Russia, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and China), this country occupies an area equal to 2.7 million square meters. km. The southern part of Kazakhstan is Kyzylkum desert… The territory of the state mainly consists of 60% of deserts and only 26% of the steppe. Rivers and lakes cross the country in different directions. The largest of the rivers are the Ural, Irtysh, Syrdarya, etc., and the lakes with beautiful names – Balkhash, Aoakol and Zaisan delight local residents and guests of Kazakhstan with a rich fish catch.
The western region of the state has access to the Caspian Sea, and the southern part is washed by the Aral Sea. The capital of Kazakhstan is the city Astana, whose population density is insignificant, does not even exceed 1 million people. The country is dominated by two official languages - Kazakh and Russian. 70% of the population consider themselves Muslims, and a minority belongs to Orthodox Christians.
Kazakhstan on the map
A trip to Kazakhstan is a fascinating journey
Brief description: Association of Kazakhstan only with steppe expanses and nomads remained far in the last century … In reality, today it is one of the most prosperous states with a rich flora and fauna, inaccessible mountains, medicinal lakes and healing mineral water. Of course, these are not all the positive criteria of this country, every foreigner will definitely find and pick up something new and exciting for himself in Kazakhstan.
Climate of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan has a sharply continental, relatively dry climate with warm, and in some areas very hot summers and cold winters. The highest air temperature here is considered to be +39 C, which occurs in the month of July, and in winter there is a drop in temperature to -30 C. The best seasonal period for visiting this country is from the end of April to the end of October.
History of Kazakhstan
The living of people on the territory of this country has been recorded since the Bronze Age. In the 4-5 centuries. BC. these lands were inhabited by the Scythians. And already in the 5th century, Turkic tribes appeared. The Middle Ages are characterized by the formation of several states here, which changed one after another. The first Kazakh state was formed at the beginning of the 16th century during the reign of Khan Kasym. The middle of the 18th century is characterized by the process of the infusion of Kazakhstan into the Russian Empire. At the beginning of the 20th century, the fragmentation of the Kazakh lands begins. And only at the end of the last century, the country proclaimed itself an independent state.
Culture of Kazakhstan
For a long time Kazakhstan was a part of other countries, but this did not prevent it from preserving the traditions and customs of its people. Religion has also left its mark on the traditions and identity of the local people. Religious holidays are celebrated here on a grand scale, arranging horse races, musical performances and various games. According to ancient customs, grandparents are obliged to raise their first grandson.
National dishes of Kazakhstan have united under the influence of the culinary traditions of other peoples (Uzbeks, Tatars, Russians and others). Vegetables, meat and dairy products are the main products for every Kazakh.
Sights of Kazakhstan