Geography of the country: Located in the east Europe, this state borders on many large and small countries: Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Belarus and Russia… The east and west of Ukraine is washed by the waters of the Azov Sea, and the southern part is washed by the Black Sea. The country’s territory covers an area equal to 603.6 square meters. km. The prevailing plain landscape here smoothly turns into forest lowlands. The Carpathian Mountains prevail in the western part of Ukraine, and the Crimean mountains in the southern part. Ukrainian rivers are rich in fish catch and natural beauty (Northern Donets, Dnieper, Dniester and so on). A lot of lakes are located in the Odessa region (Cahul, Katlabukh, China and others).
The capital of the state is the city Kiev… The official language in Ukraine is the Ukrainian language. Almost all residents (90%) consider themselves Christians. But Catholics live in western Ukraine.
Ukraine on the map
A trip to Ukraine – a trip to a unique country
Brief description: One popular Polish poet once in his poems referred to Ukraine as the “steppe ocean”. In fact, this country has not only wide steppes and meadow fields. There are many interesting historical and architectural treasures in Ukraine, as well as ski and beach resorts.
Climatic conditions of Ukraine
The temperate continental climate prevails in Ukraine. On average, the air temperature in the country ranges from +5 C to +7 C in the northern part and from +11 C to +13 C in the southern regions.
History of Ukraine
The history of Ukraine began several millennia BC, i.e. in the Stone Age. During the Iron Age, the Ukrainian lands were inhabited by Cimmerians, Scythians and Sarmatians. From the 5th century BC on the Black Sea coast, the ancient peoples of the Greeks create a number of colonies (Olivia, Tira, Theodosia, Borisfen, and so on). The ninth century is famous for the formation of Kievan Rus, the capital of which was the city of Kiev. The first rulers were representatives of the Rurik dynasty, Askold, Dir and Oleg. Kievan Rus included several principalities (Kiev, Chernigov, Smolensk, Polotsk, Vladimir-Suzdal, Galicia-Volyn, etc.).
During the reign of princes Vladimir the Great and Yaroslav the Wise, Kievan Rus flourished and developed. Thanks to Prince Vladimir, the baptism of Kievan Rus took place according to the Byzantine rite. After the invasion of the Tatar-Mongol yoke, Kievan Rus was ruined and the power of the Mongol Empire was established. In the 16th century, Ukraine fell under the rule of Poland, it was at this time that the first Cossacks began to form. The Dnieper is marked by the formation of the Zaporizhzhya Sich. In the period from the 17th to the 20th century, Ukraine endured numerous uprisings, raids of the Crimean Tatars and the liquidation of the Zaporizhzhya Sich. It became then independent (1918), then again became part of another state (Russia).
The history of this country is rich in memorable dates and valuable discoveries. Only one mention of the two World Wars can tell about her strong tempered character in the person of the people. For many centuries, Ukraine has always defended its independence and freedom. And she succeeded, since 1991 the state was proclaimed a free country.
Culture of Ukraine
The modern Ukrainian people are proud of their culture and ancient traditions. Many holidays celebrated here are associated with religion. Easter, Christmas, Epiphany – all these holidays in Ukraine are celebrated cheerfully, festively and massively. On the eve of the Old New Year, little children and adolescents “carol”. Thanks to this state, the world got to know famous writers and poets such as Taras Shevchenko, Nikolai Gogol, Ivan Franko and many others.
The Ukrainian people are very hospitable people who are always glad to welcome guests. The tables of Ukrainians are rich in bacon, potatoes, sauerkraut, soup with dumplings and other goodies.
Sights of Ukraine