Geographical location: This country is located in the southeastern region on the mainland Europe, in the Balkans. The territory covered by the state reaches 28.7 thousand square meters. km. Albania is located close to many countries: Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia, Greece… The waters of the Adriatic and Ionian seas surround and wash this country. Near the ancient city Lying the Drinsky Bay splashes on the Adriatic coast. Several uninhabited islands are part of this state. Despite the fact that the country consists of small mountains, many rivers flow through its terrain (Drin, Seman, Vyosa, Mat and others). The beauty of clean Albanian lakes delight many tourists with their majestic view (Ohrid, Skadar, and so on).
City Tirana is the capital of Albania. It was founded by the Turkish people back in the 17th century. The city is home to over 400 thousand people. Albanian is recognized as the official language in the country. Several religions prevail in this state: about 70% consider themselves Muslims, and 20% are Christians and 10% are Catholics.
Albania on the map
A trip to Albania – a trip to an unfamiliar country
Albania is now gaining popularity among foreign tourists. This suggests that the stability of the economy and state policy has improved here. But Albania is still a little explored and mysterious country for many world travelers. However, there are rumors of stunning Albanian beaches and unique architecture in Albania …
The predominance of three different climatic zones in the coastal part of the state (subtropical, Mediterranean and temperate) gives a significant fluctuation in air temperature. On average, it stays around +15.9 C. The summer season is hot and dry (+ 24-28 C), and winter is mild and humid (+ 4-14 C). The Alpine regions of Albania are characterized by a continental climate, with high humidity in summer and cold and frosty winters.
The Illyrian tribes, who settled in the Balkans in the west, and during the second millennium BC, are considered the ancestors of the Albanian people. in the 7th century BC the local lands were occupied by Greek tribes. The formation of several principalities took place here in the Middle Ages. By the end of the 14th century. the Turks began to claim the Albanian lands. In the course of endless wars in the 15th century, the country became part of the Ottoman Empire. The state defended its independence only in 1912. The First World War brought Albania the occupation of several countries at once. Then she becomes free again. During the Second World War, Albania stood firm against the German invaders. In January 1946. the proclamation of the People’s Socialist Republic of Albania took place.
Culture of Albania
This is a country with an interesting and informative history and, of course, its culture is rooted far in the past. It was influenced by the ancient peoples of the Greeks, Romans and Slavs. But not only them, in the Middle Ages the culture of Albania was under the influence of the Turkish and Italian peoples.
The Ottoman Empire made its own adjustments and influenced the kitchen traditions of the Albanian state. It is a national tradition here that it is considered correct to start a meal with an appetizer called “meze”, it is served with chicken liver. Salads are very common in Albania (potatoes, beans, fresh vegetables). Albania is, first of all, a Muslim country, so pork is not eaten here, but lamb is used.