Geography of the state: The Vatican is located on the right bank of the Tiber River in the southern part Europe, west of the capital Of Italy cities Rome… The area occupied by the Vatican is only 0.44 square kilometers. This state has no direct access to the sea. The terrain of the country consists of hills with slight differences in elevation.
The capital of the country is the city of the same name, the Vatican, which is equal in territory to the area of the state, i.e. the country is its own capital. The Vatican is home to just over 1,000 people. The official language here is Latin, but it is not the only one. The second official language spoken by the locals is Italian, French, Portuguese, German and English are also used. The entire population of the state is Catholic.
Vatican on the map
A trip to the Vatican – a trip to a Catholic country
Brief description: The Vatican got its name from its location on the hill of Monte Vaticanus, the name of which means – “place of fortune-telling.” This state is very tiny, one might even say dwarf. But, despite such a small size, a huge number of foreigners come to this country, because there is something to see here. In this state, the famous St. Peter’s Cathedral is located, and the Vatican palaces open their doors to contemplate museums and libraries full of archives of ancient chronicles. But the gardens of the Vatican are especially known to the whole world – this is just an unforgettable sight that every tourist visiting this country should contemplate.
Climatic conditions in the Vatican
The country has a subtropical Mediterranean climate. Precipitation in the form of rain falls here up to 700-900 mm, especially in winter, but snow falls extremely rarely. The average annual air temperature in January ranges from 0 to +12 C. The most favorable time to visit the country is from April to June and from September to November.
History of the Vatican
Officially, this state appeared only in 1929, but despite this, the Vatican country emerged many millennia ago. Previously, the territory of the modern Vatican was not at all inhabited, because this state was considered a sacred place. After the adoption of Christianity in the 4th century, the settlement of these lands began. Later, the Papal State was formed, liquidated in the 19th century by the Italian Empire. This is how the “Roman question” arose, which means the conflict between the Vatican and the Italian state. And only at the beginning of the 20th century, this issue began to be resolved – as a result of negotiations, an agreement was signed, which gave rise to the history of the Vatican as a separate state.
The culture of the Vatican is rich in its diversity. This country protects its exquisite exhibits and rare documents of history. Catholics visit this country to touch the shrines. The culture of the state was actively developing during the Renaissance. Works of Vatican art introduced a new direction in world culture – humanism.
Since the Vatican is located next to Italy, Italian cuisine is popular here, but for pilgrims and other officials there are “church” menus in the restaurants. Local dishes are unthinkable without salads and vegetables seasoned with vinegar and olive oil, cheese and breadsticks. It is known that the local cuisine is famous for all kinds of cheese and its varieties.