Geography: Romania is conveniently located at the crossroads of different roads Europeleading to several countries. Romania has five border neighbors: Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine, Moldova and Bulgaria… This state also has access to the Black Sea. The country’s territory covers an area of 238.4 square meters. km. Geographically, Romania is subdivided into three types of landscape – mountains located in the central region, hills and plains. Several large rivers flow through the country (Danube, Prut, Siret and others).
The capital of Romania is the city Bucharest, it is home to over 1.7 million people. According to historical data, this city was founded in the 14th century by a simple peasant shepherd named Bukur. The official language in the country is considered to be Romanian, but Hungarian is also used as a second spoken language. Almost 87% of Romania’s residents consider themselves Orthodox Christians, and a smaller percentage (5%) preach Catholicism.
Romania on the map
Trip to Romania – tour to the Carpathians
Brief description: Traveling in Romania does not leave any tourist indifferent! Sometimes some people in Europe or United States of America They do not speak very positively about this country in absentia, but as soon as they come here in person, their opinion about Romania immediately changes. There are very beautiful mountains in this state. Carpathians, whose name alone speaks for itself. And the exquisite buildings of the local churches and castles attract the attention of any foreigner. And, of course, the magnificent Romanian sandy beaches, as well as ski resorts, which are famous for their service and hospitality all over the world.
Climate and weather of Romania
Climatic weather conditions in Romania range from temperate to continental. In different regions of the country, the climate is different from each other. On average, the air temperature is +11.5 C. The warm months are July and August, and in January the temperature can drop to -6 C. Winter is harsh and cold here, most of all snow is in the mountains. The warmest water temperatures are observed in July and August (+ 20 … + 28 C).
The first peoples to populate the territory of Romania were the Thracian tribes (3000 BC). A little later, the formation of the Dacian state took place, during their period Romania flourished and developed, but in 106 AD. the country fell under the onslaught of the Roman army. In the 12th century, the Romanian lands split into several parts (Transylvania, Wallachia, Moldavia). In the 15-17 centuries. the three principalities retained their independence, buying off money from the Ottoman Empire. The eighteenth century was marked by the entry of Transylvania into the Austrian Empire. The nation state was formed in 1862 as a result of the unification of Wallachia and Moldova. Only twenty years later Romania becomes a Kingdom.
During the First World War, the country acts as an ally Of Germany, hoping to return their lands, and in 1918 the state succeeded. Three principalities (Transylvania, Bessarabia and Bukovina) became part of the country, but later these territories were given to the USSR (1940). When the Great Patriotic War began, Romania again took the side of the Germans. In 1947 the Romanian National Republic was proclaimed. And at the end of the 20th century (1989), a revolution took place in the country, as a result of which the ruling communist party lost power. In 1991, a new Constitution was approved in the country.
The Romanian people honor their age-old traditions. The culture of Romania is rich in customs and folklore. Romanians are very friendly and hospitable people, they are always ready to share ancient legends with travelers, which they know a lot. The most popular of them: the story about the bloodsucker – Count Dracula, which has a real historical prototype. In Romania, tourists often take part in folk festivals and festivals. Romanian festivals are usually associated with religious beliefs. For example, a holiday called Ignatov Day is celebrated only in this country. Every year it is held here on December 20, on this day a sacrificial animal – a pig – is offered to the gods. According to human legend, it is believed that such a sacrifice protects a person from diseases.
Pork is most commonly used in Romanian cuisine, but chicken, beef, lamb and so on are also used. They cook here mainly in earthenware, which makes the taste of the food unforgettable and unique. A traditional dish in Romania is mamaliga (corn porridge).