Geographical position: The state is located in the South-East Asia and Oceania… Indonesia is an archipelago of over 17.5 thousand islands in the Indian and Pacific Ocean. The country has several neighboring countries bordering on it: Malaysia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea… And also other nearby states should be noted: Singapore, Philippines, Palau and Australia… The area occupied by Indonesia is very large – 1.9 million square kilometers. Basically, all the islands are endowed with mountains. The three largest rivers (Mahakam, Barito and Kapuas) cross the island of Kalimantana.
City Jakarta is the administrative center and capital of Indonesia. More than 9.7 million people live in Jakarta. The city was founded in the 16th century. Indonesian is considered the officially recognized language in Indonesia. A significant part of the population is Muslim (88%), and only 8% consider themselves Christians.
Indonesia on the map
Holidays in Indonesia – tour to a thousand islands
Brief description: Indonesia is located on a large number of tropical islands, which have their own nature, cultural heritage, architectural monuments and customs. The country is rich in majestic jungles, impenetrable forests, pristine lakes, unpredictable volcanoes and unique beaches. The state is famous for its friendly population and beautiful Buddhist temples, over which you can see the radiant sunrise.
Climate of Indonesia
The country is dominated by an equatorial climate with elements of subequatorial influence. The air temperature here on average a year is + 27.7 C. The islands of Indonesia are characterized by different seasons – rainy and dry.
History of Indonesia
As is known from ancient sources, states in Indonesia have existed since the 4th century AD. (Kutai, Taruma, Srivijaya). They were greatly influenced by India. In the 8th century, Islam began to spread throughout the country. European peoples appeared in these places at the beginning of the 16th century, they were the Portuguese. Then the Dutch began to claim the lands of Indonesia, and a little later it became a colony of the Netherlands.
In the 17th century, the state became a colony UK… But after the end of the Napoleonic War, Great Britain gave up the local islands The Netherlands… In 1942, the state was captured by Japanese troops. August 1945 characterized by the recognition of the full independence of Indonesia. But the Netherlands, who did not want to lose their colony, unleashed a war here, which ended only in 1950.
The cultural traditions of this country were formed under the influence of the customs of different peoples who still live in Indonesia. The state boasts local festivals that are held almost monthly. Of these, the most famous are the Wesak Buddhist Festival and the Easter Parade.
The main food items for local cooking are rice, potatoes, sago and cassava. Fish and various seafood naturally play a certain role in Indonesian cuisine. Indonesians often add coconut to their dishes.