Geographical position: Turkey is located in a very convenient place at the junction West and Of the East… The main part of the country is located in the southwest Asia, and the smallest part (3%) is located in the southeastern part Europe… As many as four seas wash this state: the Black, Aegean, Mediterranean and Marmara seas. Two straits (Bosphorus and Dardanelles) separate the European part of Turkey from the Asian one. The total land area in the country is 783.6 thousand square meters. km. The local landscape is represented by a plain surrounded by a chain of mountains in the northern, western and southern directions, and in the west, the mountains gradually decrease towards the sea. A large number of rivers (Sakarya, Yeshilyrmak, Kyzilyrmak and many others) flow through the territory of the state.
Capital of Turkey – Ankara… It is the largest and most cultural city in the country. The capital is home to about 3.5 million inhabitants. Turkish is considered to be the only official language in Turkey, but about 7-10% of the country’s residents also use Kurdish. The main religion of the state is Islam (90%).
Turkey on the map
Holidays in Turkey – a trip to popular resorts
Brief description: Almost all tourists and travelers from anywhere in the world know Turkey. This is an incredibly popular destination in numerous travel agencies. And there are legends about sunny Turkish beaches, unique places with healing springs and ski resorts of this country … The infrastructure of the tourism business is very well developed here, so that every vacationer in Turkey is satisfied with the service and affordable prices.
The country’s climate is versatile depending on the topography and landscape. The Aegean and Mediterranean coasts have a Mediterranean climate. Summer in this part of Turkey is not rainy and very hot (from May to October), and winter is caused by mild and rainy weather, but snowfall is extremely rare. Turkey has a mixed climate on the shores of the Sea of Marmara. In winter, it is colder here than in other coastal regions of the country. The features of the maritime climate in Turkey are characteristic of the Black Sea coast. There are warm and humid summers (+ 23-25 C) with dry and cold winters.
Historical data about Turkey
The history of the state began over 10 thousand years ago … Back in the 3rd century BC. Ancient Troy was born on the site of modern Turkey. In the 2nd millennium BC. the country was ruled by the Hittite tribes. The centuries-old history of the origin of Turkey is still being studied by historians. The country has experienced many wars and itself has seized territories of other lands many times. In the 13th century, the Ottoman Empire was created – an independent state. In the 15th century, Constantinople fell under her rule, and this is not the last achievement of the Ottoman Empire. In the 20th century, many European countries claimed some of the country’s territory. But thanks to the national-patriotic movement, the unity of Turkey was recognized.
Cultural traditions of Turkey
The cultural heritage of this state is very rich and varied. It is reflected in Turkish dances. Since the 18th century, the use of oil paints for painting frescoes has been widely used here. The Orkhon inscriptions are considered the ancient literary heritage of Turkey.
National cuisine of Turkey
Turkish cuisine is considered one of the best on the planet. Turkish dishes are varied and using natural ingredients, but with an admixture of recipes from Europeans, Asians and Africans. In Turkey, food is usually served with small hot and cold dishes. Lamb meat is most often used here as a meat product. A very large assortment of Turkish dishes from fish and seafood.