Geographical position: Norway is spread in the western part Scandinavian Peninsula… Its neighbors are the following countries: Finland, Russia and Sweden… Norway is washed by three seas – the Barents, North and Norwegian. The Skagerrak strait marks the maritime border between Norway and Denmark… Most of the state is occupied by mountain ranges. The country has a large number of rivers and lakes. Norway’s longest rivers are Glomma and Logen, and the large lakes are Mjøsa and Rösvatn.
City Oslo is the capital of the country Norway, at the moment it is home to over 620 thousand people. The officially recognized language in the state is Norwegian, which consists of two dialects (Bokmål and Nynorsk). The country’s religion is diverse, Lutherans (Protestants) are 80%, Muslims are almost 2%, and Catholics are only 1.1%.
Norway on the map
Travel to Norway – tour to the “land of the midnight sun”
Brief description: Norway is usually called the “land of the midnight sun”. Why and who named it that? It turns out that Norway received this name due to its location, because a third of its territory is located beyond the Arctic Circle and the sun does not set all summer, and in winter, on the contrary, it does not come day and night almost around the clock. But it should be remembered that Norway, first of all, is the legendary Vikings and picturesque fjords (narrow winding sea bays with rocky shores, deeply cut into the land), and this country is also known for ski slopes.
We can say that the country has a warm and mild climate. In summer, the air temperature here reaches + 25 … + 30 ° C, and in the sea the water is warmed up to + 18 ° C. Stable and comfortable weather in Norway most often occurs in the south of the country, and in the central parts and in the north of the state, the weather always changes. In winter, Norway receives a huge amount of snow, and the air temperature can drop to -40 ° C.
History of Norway
According to archaeological excavations, it is known that people inhabited the possessions of this country as early as the 10th millennium BC. The era of the Vikings, which are still legendary, marked the beginning of the history of this state. The Norse Vikings were famous as brave warriors, cruel invaders, savvy traders and knowledgeable seafarers (800-1066). Their story ended in the 11th century after the death of the Norwegian king Harald III. The reign of King Olaf III marked the beginning of Christianity in Norway.
In the 12th century, the state expanded its possessions at the expense of other territories (the British Isles, Iceland and Greenland). In the 14th century. there was a merger of two states (Norway and Denmark), the union of which lasted more than four centuries. In the 15th century, the country began to belong to Sweden, but refused to obey the Swedes. As a result of the proclaimed referendum of 1905, Norway became independent. During the First World War, the state remained neutral, and during the Second World War, it was captured by German troops. After the end of the last war, the country became one of the founders of the NATO military bloc.
Far from the Europeans, this Scandinavian state has its own traditions and customs. Many cities in Norway host music, dance and folklore festivals every year. It is believed that the most famous Norwegians are polar explorers and travelers.
National cuisine of Norway
Norwegian cuisine is rich in cooking ingredients such as fish, meat, potatoes and other vegetables, as well as cheese. A traditional snack in Norway is the sausage potato tortilla (pölse).