Geographical position: Monaco is located in the Western Europe on the Mediterranean coast. On almost all sides, this dwarf state is surrounded by France… Monaco occupies a very small territorial area of 2.02 square meters. km.
The capital of the state has the same name as the country – Monaco… It is home to almost 1.5 thousand people. Officially, French is spoken in the country. The traditional language of the local dialect is spoken by a small number of residents. Also in Monaco you can hear Italian speech. In the country, the majority of people preach Catholicism (83%).
Monaco on the map
Holidays in Monaco – small principality tour
Brief description: The Principality of Monaco has been ruled by the Grimaldi family dynasty since ancient times, since the 13th century. Since then, many historical events have taken place, but this state, having survived all the crisis moments, has managed to become a famous tourist center in Europe. Monaco is famous for its gambling casinos in Monte Carlo, for hosting the popular Formula 1 races, and the resort cities of this country are in no way inferior to the resorts of other states with their service and beaches.
Climate of Monaco
The country has a Mediterranean climate with elements of the oceanic and subtropical belt. Monaco is warm and dry in summer, and rains and mild weather in winter. On average, the air temperature in Monaco is around + 16.4 ° C annually.
History of Monaco
The first settlers in the 10th century BC to found this state were the Phoenicians. According to ancient mythology, Hercules (Hercules) himself once visited the territory of Monaco, so they built here temple of Hercules Monoikos, and around several settlements. In the 17th century, the princes of the country fell under the rule of the French. In the 18th century. the French army captures Monaco. In the 19th century (1814), after the fall of Napoleon’s army, the Grimaldi family was able to regain control of power. In 1860 the country falls under the rule of France. In the middle of the 19th century. the first casino opens in Monaco.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the first Constitution was adopted in Monaco, limiting the power of the Grimaldi princes. Women received their voting rights here in 1962. The Principality of Monaco was adopted by the UN in 1993.
Culture of Monaco
Religious and cultural traditions have been followed in Monaco for centuries. The state celebrates such a date as Saint Devote, who is considered the patroness of the principality. Every year at the end of January in Monaco there are street festivities and torchlight processions. In the evening, the celebration ends with a grand fireworks display. Numerous carnivals are also held in Monaco.
National cuisine of Monaco
The culinary specialties of the local cuisine have been shaped by the influences of the Italians and the French. Food in Monaco is delicious and delicious. Pies with different fillings (rice, pumpkin, cheese), as well as pancakes made from pea flour with chicken are very popular here.