Geographical position: The country is located to the north-western part of UK and in the northern region of the Atlantic Ocean – in the place where two oceans merge: the Atlantic and the Arctic. Iceland is an island, its territory covers a total area of 103 thousand square meters. km including nearby islands. About 14% of the territory of the state is occupied by lakes and glaciers. A small part of the country (23%) is vegetation. There are several active volcanoes in Iceland. The country has a large number of rivers that originate in glaciers.
The city is considered the capital of the state. Reykjavik, its population is over 125 thousand people. The spoken language in the country is Icelandic. Over 77% of local residents are Lutherans (Protestants) and approximately 10% of the population consider themselves Catholics.
Iceland on the map
Trip to Iceland – tour to the land of the Vikings
Brief description: Far Iceland is quite reasonably associated with the ancient Viking people and snow covers. But this country also has a unique nature with active volcanoes, healing geysers and cascading waterfalls. The picturesque vegetation of Iceland inspires many fans to capture everything with a camera, and the hospitable people of this state greet every tourist with a warm and friendly welcome.
The country is dominated by a subarctic maritime climate, but it is influenced by the warm current of the Gulf Stream. In the south of the state, a mild climate prevails. The average annual air temperature in Iceland is kept up to +5 C. The highest temperature here is +14 C, which happens in July and August.
The first settlers here were the Norse Vikings, who settled here in the 9th century. In the 13th century, the country was dominated by the power of the Norwegian rulers. After the spread of the Lutheran faith in the 15th century, Iceland began to fully profess this faith.
In the 19th century, the state became part of Denmark, and a little later a movement emerged in the country, which began to fight for the independence of the state. As a result, the country’s independence was recognized. Iceland gained its freedom in June 1944.
The cultural traditions of the country were influenced by Norse roots, since it was the Vikings who were the first settlers of Iceland. Viking traditions are still preserved in the country. The end of January is marked by the celebration of the “Day of Men” by the Icelanders. In the old days, men on this day jumped around the house and sang songs, so they placated the cold January weather.
The national cuisine of Iceland is not very diverse, because the local lands are not very fertile, and the local climate is not very favorable. The main products of the Icelandic menu are seafood, meat and dairy products, as well as a few vegetables and fruits. Some traditional Icelandic food is only food for real Vikings!