Geography: Greece is located in the southeastern part Europe… Its borders lie next to four countries: Turkey, Bulgaria, Macedonia and Albania… The state is surrounded on three sides by different seas: Mediterranean, Aegean, Ionian. The territory of Greece is 132 thousand square meters. km. together with islands (approximately 20% of the country is islands). Most of the area is occupied by a mountain system. There are 3053 islands in total, all of them are part of the state. The largest are Crete, Embeya and Koftu. The country has many large rivers and lakes (Alyakmon, Mesta, Volvi, and so on).
Ancient city Athens is the capital of this state. Athens has a population of over 5 million. The city was founded about 3.5 thousand years ago. The official spoken language in the country is Greek. Basically, the local population of Greece professes Orthodox Christianity (97%).
Greece on the map
Trip to Greece – tour to a country with ancient history
Brief description: Greece is not in vain associated with ancient history taught at school … This state is famous not only for Greek beaches and architectural buildings, many names are associated with it that have made a huge world contribution to the field of famous sciences. Every year over 1.5 million foreigners come to this country from different parts of the world.
Climate and weather in Greece
The climate divides the country into three climatic zones. The coastal regions of Greece have a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and dry summers. In the mountains and the mountainous part of the Peloponnese, an alpine climate prevails with abundant precipitation in the form of snow. Inland, the climate is temperate. On average, the air temperature in the capital is +28.7 C, while on the islands it is slightly higher.
Historical data about Greece
Greece is the ancestor of civilization throughout Europe. In the 5th century. BC. Athens combined politics, economy and culture of everything Mediterranean… In 146 BC. Greece was conquered by the Roman Empire, which after the collapse became the Byzantine Empire. In the 15th century, Byzantium fell and Greece was conquered by the Ottoman Empire. The war of liberation (1821-1829) gave the country complete independence. The end of the Great Patriotic War plunged the state into an internal war between its peoples, as a result of which the victory of the right-wing monarchists was proclaimed (1954). Greece has been a member of the EU since 1981.
Culture of Greece
It must be admitted that the culture of this country has had a significant impact on a huge number of other countries. Exactly Ancient Greece became the progenitor of sciences (mathematics, astronomy, and so on). Thanks to this country, great philosophers were born, known to the whole world (Aristotle, Plato, Diogenes, etc.). The Greek people are very superstitious by nature, this consists not only in belief in God, but also in paranormal phenomena.
The culinary traditions of Greece are unique and sophisticated, their “trick” is the use of olive oil in almost every dish. Also, when preparing Greek dishes, a large amount of vegetables and spices are added, but not hot seasonings.
Sights of greece