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Budapest – a city on two banks of the Danube

I got to Budapest in March. On the trip we flew from cold Moscow. The gloomy sky accompanied us, sometimes showered with snow. And they arrived in the spring. The sun was shining, pansies and crocuses were beginning to bloom in the flower beds, leaves were cut through the trees. The time for travel is very suitable, it is already warm for long walks and there are still not many tourists on the streets of the city.

In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”

Content

  • History of the city
  • Buda fortress
  • Fisherman’s Bastion
  • Hungarian Parliament
  • Basilica of St. Stephen (or Stephen)
  • Hungarian opera house
  • Heroes Square
  • Vaidahunyad Castle

In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”

History of the city

Budapest is a city located on two banks of the Danube. In 1873, two separate cities – mountainous Buda and lowland Pest merged to form a new one called Budapest. Now it is the capital of Hungary, and once the second most important city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Budapest pleases with exquisite architecture in the buildings of those times.

The two banks are connected by several bridges. Some are richly decorated, others are more modest, but all are important for the message. The central bridge of the city is the Szechenyi Chain Bridge, built in the 19th century. It was he who became the incentive to unite the two cities.

In the evening, the bridge is beautifully lit, and numerous lanterns are reflected in the dark waters of the Danube.

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Near the Szechenyi Bridge is the Buda Castle in the mountainous part of the city.

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Buda fortress

Buda Castle is an old part of the city. It is a whole area with many attractions.

The first fortress was built on the hill for protection from the Mongol-Tatars in the XIII century. Further, various structures and buildings appeared, forming a castle. It became the largest under King Sigismund in the late Middle Ages. In 1526 the Turks occupied the castle. During the Ottoman rule, most of the buildings were destroyed.

Later, under King Charles III, the Royal Palace was built. During the Hungarian Revolution, the palace burned down, but in 1850-1856. has been restored. It hosted the coronation of Emperor Franz Joseph I in 1867 as King of Hungary.

Now the palace houses the Hungarian National Gallery and the Museum of the History of Budapest.

You can cross the Danube over the Szechenyi Bridge to get to the Buda Castle. This is how she looks from the bridge.

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You can climb the mountain on the old Shiklo funicular.

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Climbing the hill, you will see a flat, neatly built Pest.

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The Buda Castle and the courtyards of the Royal Castle are open to the public, admission is free.

Royal Palace.

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There are many sculptures, fountains and forged lanterns on the territory of the palace.

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Each sculpture has its own story or legend of its appearance.

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The hill offers panoramic views of the Danube and the city.

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Fisherman’s Bastion

Located on the top of a hill in Buda. Built in 1905, it resembles a medieval white stone castle. The seven towers symbolize the number of tribes that came together to create the Hungarian state.

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Previously, a fishing market was located on this site. Therefore, the castle was named – Fisherman’s Bastion. A staircase leads to it. The ascent starts from a small platform, to which tourists are brought by buses.

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The entrance to the territory is free.

The castle itself is surrounded by a wall with many openwork arches and niches. A magnificent view of the city opens up from here.

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Inside the bastion there is a square, which is decorated with a statue of the first king of Hungary.

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On the territory of the bastion is the Church of the Virgin Mary or Matthias Church – an unofficial name given in honor of the Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus. Paid entrance. The ticket price is 1800 forints.

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In the church, the main decoration is multi-colored stained-glass windows, playing with bright colors in the sun.

When we walked there, we saw two people dressed in historical costumes. Birds could be photographed for a fee.

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View of the bastion from the side of Pest.

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Hungarian Parliament

On the very bank of the Danube is the majestic building of the Hungarian Parliament. One of the largest and most beautiful residences in Europe.

The building of the Hungarian parliament was decided to be built after the unification of Buda and Pest in 1873. The eastern bank of the Danube, a section between the Szechenyi and Margit bridges, was chosen for construction. As conceived by the architect, the building was built so that it could be viewed from all four sides. Its length is 268 m, and its width is 123 m. Construction lasted from 1885 to 1904.

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The building is so large that you can easily see it from the window of an airplane flying over the city. Interesting architecture and many decorative details make the parliament building unique. In addition to delicate turrets and arches, its facade is decorated with 90 sculptures of historical figures of Hungary.

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The interiors are designed with luxury. The building is richly decorated with gilding, mosaics and stained glass windows. The small museum of the Parliament houses the royal symbols of power: the crown of St. Stephen, scepter, orb and sword. Inside the building, daily, except for holidays, guided tours in different languages ​​are held. The cost of tickets for adults is 6,700 forints, for children under 6 years old it is free.

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It is easy to get to the parliament building, you can use public transport. There is a metro (line M2) or a bus (no. 15, 115). Transport stop “Kossuth Lajos tér”. Another good route is by tram number 2, on it you can pass next to the parliament and the nearest beautiful buildings.

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In the dark, the building also looks very impressive thanks to the backlight.

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Basilica of St. Stephen (or Stephen)

The central and largest temple of Budapest is located on the left bank of the city, in the historic district of Pest.

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The cult building in honor of the founder of the Hungarian kingdom Istvan I or Stephen is one of the symbols of Budapest. In addition to the rich interior, the basilica boasts a magnificent observation deck with panoramic views of the city and the Danube. The temple was built from 1851 to 1905 for 54 years. Emperor Franz Joseph I was present at the consecration of the cathedral.

The dome of the basilica with images.

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In the evening, the backlight is turned on.

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To the right of the temple there is a small alley, walking a little along which, you will see a cafe selling delicious ice cream.

Hungarian opera house

Budapest Opera located on Andrássy Avenue. Very similar to the Vienna Opera.

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Andrassy Avenue is the central street in Pest. Very beautiful, well-groomed, with beautiful mansions. Decorated with trees and neat lawns. It was built for the 1000th anniversary of Hungary. In addition to the opera house, there are other sights on it, as well as a large number of boutiques of famous world brands.

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Another notorious building on the avenue is the House of Terror. Dedicated to the victims of the fascist and communist regimes.

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Andrássy Avenue ends with Heroes Square

Heroes Square

Located in the center of Pest, where Andrássy Avenue ends. The square was built to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the acquisition of their homeland by the Hungarians. At the top of the tall column is a statue of the Archangel Gabriel with the holy crown of King Stephen and a double apostolic cross in his hands.

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At the foot of the column are the frozen statues of the leaders of the Hungarians.

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And in two semicircular colonnades, there are statues of historical figures of Hungary.

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Vaidahunyad Castle

Located in the city park Varoshliget. An unusual castle, in the architecture of which there are elements of the famous buildings of Hungary. Lock, created in 1896 first from papier-mâché, became popular with residents. Therefore, it was decided to rebuild it from stone in 1904.

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The castle was built in different styles, combining Gothic, Baroque and others.

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The city park itself is very large. Built on the site of the former hunting grounds at the end of the 18th century. During the reign of Maria Theresa, it was decided to set up a park here. To do this, they drained the swamps, planted many trees, created artificial canals and reservoirs. The entrance to the park is free.

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General view of the Heroes’ Square, behind which begins Park Varoshliget.

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