Geographical position: Belgium is located in the northwestern part Europe… The country has four border neighbors in the southeast, north and east – France, Netherlands, Luxembourg and Germany… The northwestern region of the state is washed by the North Sea. The total area occupied by Belgium is 30.5 thousand square meters. km. The state consists of three main regions: the coastal plain located in the northwestern part of the country, the central plateau and the Ardennes Upland in the south.
The capital of Belgium since the beginning of the 19th century is considered to be the city Brussels… It was founded in the 9th century AD, but historical data indicate that the first people settled on the territory of modern Brussels in the 5th century … Three languages are considered officially recognized in Belgium at once – Dutch, French and German. Over 75% of the population consider themselves to be the Roman Catholic Church, people who preach Protestantism (25%) also live here, and the smallest part of the local residents consider themselves Sunni Muslims (3.5%).
Belgium on the map
Holidays in Belgium – a tour to an interesting European country
Brief description: Belgium is a great country for fans of excursions with a long history of unique architectural cities. Also, this state can boast of beach resorts on the coasts of the North Sea, and various holidays in Belgium delight tourists with their originality and spontaneity.
On the coast of the North Sea in Belgium, the climate is mild and humid. In the southeast of the country, sultry summers give way to cold winters. On average, the air temperature in Belgium in July is at least + 18 ° C, and in January the thermometer drops to -3 ° C. The two largest rivers flow through Belgium (Scheldt and Meuse). There are very few lakes in the country.
History of Belgium
In ancient times, even before our era (1st century), this state was a province of Rome. During the reign of the Roman Empire, Belgium became a developed country. Due to the invasion of the Hunnic tribes into the territory of Germany, the north of Belgium was replenished with German settlers. In the 4th century. AD the country was taken over by the Franks. The Duke of Burgundy several centuries later became the ruler of Belgium, but in the 14th century the state became part of the Habsburg possessions. In the 16-18 centuries. the country fell under the rule of first the Spaniards, and then the Austrians.
At the end of the 18th century. Belgium became part of Napoleonic France. At the beginning of the 19th century, the revolution that took place here made the state independent. During the first and second world wars, the country was occupied by enemy troops. Only in 1944. Belgium was liberated by the troops of the Allied countries.
Cultural traditions of Belgium
For many centuries this country was under the rule of the Roman Empire, therefore Belgium is still famous for a huge number of various architectural monuments. Belgian culture dates back to the Middle Ages. National holidays and festivals (Carnival Week, Witches’ Festival, Walloon Festival, etc.) play a huge role in the cultural life of the country.
National cuisine of Belgium
The culinary recipes of the Belgians were formed under the influence of the national cuisines of the French and Germans. Everyday cooking ingredients in Belgium are potatoes, meat, seafood, bread, etc.