In this review, I would like to share my impressions of the small American city of Annapolis. This not-so-famous city has a population of only about 40,000. But at the same time it is the capital of Maryland, located in the eastern United States.
- Where is Annapolis
- A bit of history
- Annapolis today
- Maryland State Capitol
- Annapolis Harbor
- Naval Academy
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Where is Annapolis
Annapolis is located in a densely populated area on the Atlantic coast of the United States, on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay.
Just 30-40 km from Annapolis there are 2 most important cities of the United States – the capital of the country Washington, as well as the large industrial and transport center of Baltimore.
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A bit of history
The city of Annapolis traces its history back to a settlement called Providence, which was founded in 1649. In 1694, the city became the capital of the English colony and was renamed on this occasion Annapolis in honor of the British princess Anne.
Annapolis flourished during the era of slavery in the United States. Maryland was part of the states of the South and Annapolis was one of the largest centers of the slave trade at the time. It is also an important export point for tobacco grown in neighboring Virginia.
After the signing of a peace treaty with Great Britain, which ended the US War of Independence, Annapolis was not for long (from November 1783 to June 1784) the capital of the United States.
The city’s “golden age” ended with the end of the US Civil War, as a result of which slavery was legally prohibited in the country. And Annapolis was transformed from an important center of trade and politics into a beautiful corner for a well-fed and calm old age.
On the internet, you can find a panoramic photo of Annapolis in 1911.
I can say that over the past 100 years the city has not changed much. At least not as much as most other cities in the world.
Annapolis is different from all known US cities. And in general it differs from most modern cities. Time seems to have stopped here at the end of the 18th century.
Sleek, fresh and tidy, Annapolis looks like all of its buildings were recently built.
Brick buildings with small windows, wooden street poles, old lanterns. The almost museum atmosphere of the 18-19th centuries is disturbed only by cars.
Maryland State Capitol
The modern development of skyscrapers and glass business centers has not affected Annapolis. The largest and most notable building in the city is still the Capitol, built on a hill in 1779.
The commemorative plaque tells that it was in this building that the US state was born. The founding fathers of the modern American nation, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, decided here the functioning of the new state after the victory in the War of Independence. And the city of Annapolis in the period from November 26, 1783 to August 13, 1784 was the capital of the United States.
In general, the area around the Capitoline Hill is a beautiful ennobled area, where it is pleasant to walk. Various administrative buildings of the Maryland government and ministries are concentrated here.
This is how the General Assembly building looks like:
And this is the home of the state government:
The houses in the government quarter are built in the same style. Dark red bricks sit side by side with greenery, paving stones and old lampposts.
Trees and small shrubs harmoniously complement the historic buildings.
It was fortunate that trees were blooming in front of the Capitol during my visit. It was very beautiful.
Around the Capitol Hill, there is a square that surrounds a street called State Circle.
For example, bronze “pioneers” are sitting on a bench near flowering apple trees and looking with a reliable look into the bright future.
Near the building there is an unusual military monument erected in honor of the American battleship Maryland. This ship of the line took part in all the significant battles of the American fleet of the Second World War – Pearl Harbor, the Battle of Midway Atoll, the Battle of Tarawa and Saipan, etc., withstood the hits of bombs, torpedoes and kamikaze strikes.
The ship served in the US Navy from 1921 to 1959. And after his cancellation, in Annapolis a monument was erected in his honor, the basis of which was a real bell taken from a battleship that was scrapped. The belt around the bell lists the most glorious battles of the battleship.
Another interesting place in the city is the area adjacent to the Annapolis harbor. The main street of the city – Main Street, built up with old houses, leads to it.
The street overlooks the square near the yacht port.
The word “port” in relation to Annapolis is rather arbitrary. Because in this city the port is everywhere. It seems that every inhabitant of this small town, in addition to a personal car, also has a personal yacht.
Here are a couple of videos from this place, which can be called the central square of Annapolis. Panorama:
And one more interesting plot with the passage of fire trucks. Slightly turning in the old narrow streets of Annapolis.
Yacht marinas in Annapolis can be found not only in the center. The coastline is long and winding, cutting through the city in several places. Almost every lane in Annapolis ends with access to the sea, where yachts are parked all around, like cars at a large shopping center.
I suppose that the income of the residents of Annapolis is rather big. Probably, representatives of the American aristocracy live here – retired naval officers, retired politicians and high-ranking civil servants. Residential buildings in Annapolis look quite appropriate for the level of their owners.
The special status of Annapolis is explained by another fact – here is the US Navy Academy, an elite educational institution for training naval officers.
I happened to visit Annapolis on Sunday, when the cadets had a day off. The initially warm and sunny weather gave way to heavy rain and squall winds. The harbor square was flooded in just minutes.
But there is a leave of absence. Future American naval officers had to walk even in such weather. A sort of preparation for life in the navy.
Ice cream parlor ..
… just a walk around town. It was difficult to meet other passers-by walking around the city at that time.