Geographical position: The Åland Islands are located off the southwest coast Finland at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia. The Åland Islands include 60 inhabited islands and over 6,000 uninhabited islands. The total area of the Aland Islands is about 1.5 thousand square meters. km. In the east, the state is adjacent to the provincial Primordial Finland in the Archipelago Sea region, and on the western part of the border lies with the Swedish fiefs of Stockholm and the Uppsala fief.
The capital of the Åland Islands is the city Mariehamn with a population of over 10.7 thousand people. The officially recognized language in the Åland Islands is Swedish. Most of the locals are Lutheran.
Aland Islands on the map
A trip to the Åland Islands is unforgettable!
Brief description: The Aland Islands are a large archipelago of adjacent islands. Looking at the Åland Islands at night from an airplane, you can see how thousands of lights light up against the backdrop of the boundless ocean. This state is remembered by tourists for a long time for its wide opportunities for recreation. Hotels, restaurants, cafes and museums of the Åland Islands are happy to welcome everyone who wants to visit this country. And the ecologically clean local nature presents its amazing gifts to tourists in the form of exotic berries and various fruits.
Climate of the Aland Islands
The state is dominated by a temperate maritime climate with signs of coolness. The average annual air temperature on the Aland Islands is + 7-8 C. In winter, the thermometer can drop to -4 C here, and in summer, the heat does not exceed +16 C. The Aland Islands are considered one of the sunniest among the northern countries.
History of the Aland Islands
There is no consensus on the origin of the Åland Islands. According to archaeological data, the settlement of these islands took place four millennia BC. Then the history is divided into three periods of the rule of these islands – the time of the Swedes (from the 12th century to the beginning of the 19th century), the time Of Russia (19th century to the beginning of the 20th century), the time of the Finns (from the 20th century to the present). During the reign of Peter I, Russian troops inflicted crushing damage across Aland.
During the Russian-Swedish war, Finland together with the Aland Islands were part of the Russian Empire. The Crimean campaign also left a mark on the history of the Alands, because it was in 1932 that the Russian fortress Bomarsund was captured and destroyed by the Anglo-French allied troops. In the spring of 1856, three states (Russia, France and Great Britain) signed an agreement on the refusal to conduct hostilities here and on the conversion of military equipment into civilian products. In 1919. The Aland Islands were recognized as a neutral state, part of Finland with the rights of mass autonomy.
Culture of the Aland Islands
This state is located at the junction of two cultures (Swedish and Finnish), therefore the cultural traditions of the Aland Islands derive precisely from the customs of these peoples. Here, every tourist will find an open-air maritime museum, and sailing and cycling enthusiasts will discover the world of local entertainment. And also this state is famous for the celebration of festivals and fancy-dress holidays.
Since Aland is part of Finland, the cuisine on the Aland Islands is Finnish. But the recipes of the local cuisine are distinctive. The main part of the diet is fish and seafood. Lamb is used here from meat, and venison and elk are preferred from wild animals. A variety of cereals and mouth-watering puddings are often at the top of the Aland menu.
Attractions of the Aland Islands